Photovoltaic solar energy is the conversion of sunlight into electricity through the photovoltaic effect, the process responsible for this transformation. The use of electronic components such as photovoltaic cells enables the production of electricity, when exposed to light.
Solar panels consist of a group of photovoltaic cells connected in series. Several panels placed together form a photovoltaic solar power station, which can supply a distribution network with electricity.
The benefits associated with solar photovoltaic energy are numerous in several respects. From an environmental perspective, solar energy is a renewable resource. Photovoltaic solar panels are comprised of sensors made from silicon, the second most abundant semiconducting element in the earth’s crust. At the end of their useful lives, panels become a recyclable material with components that can be reused.
Faced with ever-increasing hydrocarbon prices, the search for alternative energy is critical for all countries. From an economical perspective, solar energy thus seems a suitable option for countries with significant exposure to sunshine, while contributing to the improvement of their energy supply.
Abundant and inexhaustible, the sun makes available a renewable energy which can be accessible to both remote and rural areas.
Rich in sun, West African countries enjoy a geographic position conducive to exploiting solar energy for their ever-rising energy needs.