The biomass valorization is derived from the processing of agricultural and forestry residues or any other plant material. The use of biomass for electricity generation is mainly relevant for the agribusiness and forestry sectors which either burn their residuals in the open air or bury them, as they are not useful in their industrial processes. Therefore, it is possible to recover these residuals and convert same into either electricity or heat or both.
Each technology used for converting biomass is characterized by its own energy efficiency. The choice between these technologies depends on energy needs, availability and quality of biomass, suppliers’ proximity, infrastructure costs of processing and distribution, the environmental context as well as the availability of the adequate technology.